German sculpture of the early 20th century is relatively unknown in Britain. In particular, the little German art of the inter-war period which has been seen here has largely been that which the Third Reich declared 'degenerate'. The few pieces of 'Nazi' sculpture which have been seen relate to monumental projects and are viewed in a predominantly political framework.
Believing that there was a large and important middle ground between the 'degenerate' and the 'Nazi', Penelope Curtis (Curator of the Henry Moore Institute) set out to uncover a more nuanced view of sculpture from this period. The resulting exhibition covered a range of sculptors whose careers flourished during the Third Reich as well as those who effectively made their work in isolation.
This catalogue contains four essays by the curators of the Taking Position, as well as a deeper look at each artist and their works in the exhibition.
Figurative Sculpture and the Third Reich
A Clean Tradition?
Reflections on German figurative sculpture
Conformity in Dissent
Sculptors in the Third Reich
'Modern Sculpture' versus 'The Decoration of Power'
On the perception of German sculpture of the twenties and thirties after 1945
Artists' biographies and catalogue of exhibits
Ernesto de Fiori